Capital of the province bearing the same name, San Juan was founded by Juan Jufré,
on June 13th, 1562, in the Tucuna valley, a region that was once inhabited
by the Huarpes Indians. It was totally rebuilt after the earthquake of 1944.
It possesses wide and monumental avenues, buildings with earthquake-proof
constructions, numberless squares and public places.
flourishing communities find their home in its valleys, true oasis among the arid foothill's desserts, turned into fertile lowlands due to an uninterrupted irrigation
labour. In winter, mainly during the months of July and August, the city offers
the wonderful frame for an enthralling spectacle: the snow.
When the spring comes, there is a natural transformation that astonishes
the tourist: the snow melting. When this phenomenon begins, the water floodes
the thirsty sandy grounds, mainly through the rivers Jáchal and San Juan and
some other less important courses.
As long a the capital city is concerned, the writer Arturo Capdevila
called it the City of the Statues due to the varied monuments built in memory of
important characters such as Sarmiento, de la Roza, Laprida, Fray Justo Santamaría
de Oro, among others.
Therefore, San Juan, leaning over the high Andean Mountain Range, offers
a spectacular vision of its montaineous landscape, and together with the
beauty of its valleys make of this province one of the most appealing
ones for the tourist.